Simple Authentication and Security Layer, or SASL, is an Internet standard (RFC 2222) that specifies a protocol for authentication and optional establishment of a security layer between client and server applications.
SASL is used by protocols, such as the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, version 3 (LDAP v3), and the Internet Message Access Protocol, version 4 (IMAP v4) to enable pluggable authentication. Instead of hardwiring an authentication method into the protocol, LDAP v3 and IMAP v4 use SASL to perform authentication, thus enabling authentication via various SASL mechanisms.
SASL Security Strength Factor
SSF, the security strength factor, indicates the strength of the SASL protection. If the mechanism supports a security layer, the client and server negotiate the SSF. The value of the SSF is based on the security properties that were specified before the SASL negotiation. If a non-zero SSF is negotiated, both client and server need to use the mechanism's security layer when the authentication has completed.
SSF is represented by an integer with one of the following values:
0 – No protection.
1 – Integrity checking only.
>1 – Supports authentication, integrity and confidentiality. The number represents the encryption key length.
The confidentiality and integrity operations are performed by the security mechanism. libsasl coordinates these requests.